Famous Indian Court Cases: Top 5 Shocking and Horrifying Cases

In India, there is a saying that one should never have to encounter three places – a hospital, a police station, and a court. In this article, we will focus on court cases that will surely leave you stunned. Some of these cases are so shocking that even thinking about them will give you shivers. In this article ‘Famous Indian Court Cases’ let’s take a look at some of India’s most famous court cases that created a buzz across the country.

1. Burari Death Case – 2008

  • The case became famous worldwide, where 11 members of the same family killed themselves together due to superstition.
  • After investigating the case, the police revealed that the entire family died by suicide due to some superstition.
burari deadh case

The Burari Mass Suicide case is so famous that there is even a documentary about it on Netflix called ‘House of Secrets: The Burari Deaths’.

2. Aarushi Talwar Murder Case – 2008

  • The whole country was shocked by this case because the main accused in this case were none other than Aarushi Talwar’s parents.
  • When the police started their investigation, Aarushi’s parents initially suspected their servant Hemraj, but after Hemraj’s dead body was also found, the entire case took a different turn.
  • On 25 November 2013, the special court of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) found Aarushi’s parents, Rajesh and Nupur Talwar, guilty of the two murders.
  • In January 2014, the Talwar couple challenged this verdict in the Allahabad High Court, where they were acquitted of the charges of these murders.
  • On March 8, 2018, the CBI challenged this decision of the Allahabad High Court in the Supreme Court, and on August 10, 2018, the Supreme Court accepted the CBI’s appeal.

This is one of the most Famous Indian Court Cases.

aarushi talwar and hemraj murder case

3. Nirbhaya Rape Case – 2012

  • Jyoti Singh, who was studying physiotherapy and was 22 years old.
  • On December 16, 2012, she was returning with her male friend after watching a movie and around 9:30 pm, they took a bus from Munirka to Dwarka where there were already 6 people present in the bus. What they did to Jyoti cannot be openly discussed.
  • There were 6 criminals involved in this shameful and heartbreaking crime – Mohammed Afroz, Mukesh Singh, Vinay Sharma, Pawan Gupta, Akshay Thakur, and Ram Singh.
  • In this case, 4 criminals were sentenced to death by hanging, Ram Singh died in jail and Afroz was sent to a juvenile center from where he was released on December 20, 2015.

After this horrific crime, Jyoti started being called Nirbhaya, which means Fearless.

culprits of nirbhaya rape case

4. Shah Bano Case (1978-1985)

  • Shah Bano gets married to a famous lawyer named Mohammed Ahmad Khan from Indore in the year 1932.
  • This marriage between Shah Bano and Mohammed Ahmad Khan goes well for 14 years and they also have 5 children together.
  • After 14 years of his marriage, Ahmad Khan got married again and lived with both his wives for many years.
  • Then in 1978, Ahmad Khan divorced Shah Bano at the age of 62.
  • When leaving Shah Bano, Ahmad had promised to pay ₹200 every month, and when he failed to fulfill even this promise, Bano filed a case in the court of Indore.
  • In this case, Shah Bano had demanded ₹500 every month for herself and her children.
  • November 1978, Ahmad divorced Bano under Islamic law and stated that he is now divorced from her, so he only needs to pay ₹5,400 once under Islamic law, not monthly maintenance.
  • In August 1979, the Indore court ordered Ahmad to pay Bano ₹25 per month for maintenance.
  • On 1 July 1980, after Bano’s revisional application, the High Court of Madhya Pradesh ordered to increase maintenance from ₹25 to ₹179.20.
  • After this, Ahmad filed a petition in the Supreme Court and claimed that Shah Bano is no longer his responsibility because he has another wife who is permitted under Islamic law.
  • On 23 April 1985, while dismissing Ahmad’s appeal, the Supreme Court upheld the High Court’s judgement of ₹179.20 per month maintenance. The Supreme Court also commented that India should have a Uniform Civil Code (UCC).
image of Shah Bano court case

The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce)

  • The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce)’ is the name of an act passed by the Indian parliament during Rajiv Gandhi’s government which changed the Supreme Court’s judgment.
  • This act included the concept of “iddat” which meant that there was a provision to give maintenance for only 90 days after divorce.

Ajmal Kasab – 2008

  • Who in India doesn’t know the person who shook the entire country on 26/11/2008?
  • Ajmal Kasab was the only terrorist caught alive among the 10-member group of the Pakistani terrorist group ‘Lashkar-e-Taiba’. In that attack, a total of 175 people died, and more than 300 were injured.
  • This terrorist was hanged on 21 November 2012, four years after the Mumbai attack.
terrorist ajmal kasab

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Final Words

In this world, there are many cases and incidents, but some things are quite shocking and disturbing. These 5 Famous Indian Court Cases are one of those few incidents.



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