G20 Summit 2023

The Group of 20, which consists of 19 countries and the European Union, is one of the most important groups of multi-countries in the world. The 2023 edition of the G20 is being hosted by India. The significance of this group can be understood from the fact that its member countries represent 85% of the global GDP, 75% of international trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population. In this article, we will learn about the G20 countries.

G20 Countries

1. USA (United States of America)

  • President – Joe Biden
  • Vice President – Kamala Harris
  • Capital – Washington, D. C.
  • GDP- $26.855 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $80,000
  • Military – 1,344,400
  • Defence Budget – $766 Billion
  • Population – 333 Million
  • Currency – U. S. Dollar
USA G20 Summit 2023
United States of America

2. EU (European Union)

  • GDP – $24 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $34,200
  • Military – 1,400,000
  • Defence Budget – $249 Billion
  • Population – 745 Million
  • Currency – Euro
European Union GDP
European Union

3. China

  • President – Xi Jinping
  • Capital – Beijing
  • GDP- $19.3 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $13,700
  • Military – 2, 035,000
  • Defence Budget – $293 Billion
  • Population -1.41 Billion
  • Currency – Renminbi (Yuan)
China g20
China

4. Japan

  • PM – Fumio Kishida
  • Emperor – Naruhito Capital – Tokyo
  • GDP- $4.2 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $33,800
  • Military – 2,47,000
  • Defence Budget – $53 Billion
  • Population – 125 Million
  • Currency – Japanese yen
Japan G20
Japan

5. Germany

  • Chancellor – Olaf Scholz
  • President – Frank-Walter Steinmeier
  • Capital – Berlin
  • GDP – $4 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $48,300
  • Military – 1,81,000
  • Defence Budget – $56 Billion
  • Population – 84 Million
  • Currency – Euro
Germany GDP, GDP Per Capita, Defence, Population, Leaders
Germany

6. India

  • PM – Narendra Modi
  • President – Droupadi Murmu
  • Capital – New Delhi
  • GDP- $3.7 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $2,600
  • Military – 1,455,550
  • Defence Budget – $71 Billion
  • Population -1.42 Billion
  • Currency – Indian Rupee (INR)
India GDP, GDP Per Capita, Defence, Population, Leaders
India

7. UK (United Kingdom)

  • PM – Rishi Sunak
  • Monarch – Charles III
  • Capital – London
  • GDP- $3.15 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $46,300
  • Military – 1,96,000
  • Defence Budget – $68 Billion
  • Population – 68 Million
  • Currency – Pound sterling
United Kingdom GDP, GDP Per Capita, Defence, Population, Leaders
United Kingdom

8. France

  • President – Emmanuel Macron
  • PM – Élisabeth Borne
  • Capital – Paris
  • GDP- $2.9 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $44,400
  • Military – 2,08,700
  • Defence Budget – $53.6 Billion
  • Population – 68 Million
  • Currency – Euro, CFP franc
France 2023
France

9. Italy

  • President – Sergio Mattarella
  • PM – Giorgia Meloni
  • Capital – Rome
  • GDP- $2.1 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $36,800
  • Military – 1,65,500
  • Defence Budget – $32 Billion
  • Population – 58 Million
  • Currency – Euro
Italy G20
Italy

10. Canada

  • PM – Justin Trudeau
  • Monarch – Charles III
  • Capital – Ottawa
  • GDP- $2 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $52,700
  • Military – 68,000
  • Defence Budget – $26.4 Billion
  • Population – 40 Million
  • Currency – Canadian dollar
Canada
Canada

11. Brazil

  • President – Lula da Silva
  • Vice President – Geraldo Alckmin
  • Capital – Brasília
  • GDP – $2 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $10,300
  • Military – 3,34,500
  • Defence Budget – $19.2 Billion
  • Population – 203 Million
  • Currency – Real
Brazil G20
Brazil

12. Russia

  • President – Vladimir Putin
  • PM – Mikhail Mishustin
  • Capital – Moscow
  • GDP- $2.2 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $15,400
  • Military – 1,155,000
  • Defence Budget – $86.4 Billion
  • Population – 147 Million
  • Currency – Ruble
Russian GDP, GDP Per Capita, Defence, Population, Leaders
Russia

13. South Korea

  • President – Yoon Suk Yeol
  • PM – Han Duck-soo
  • Capital – Seoul
  • GDP- $1.7 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $33,400
  • Military – 5,00,000
  • Defence Budget – $50.2 Billion
  • Population – 52 Million
  • Currency – Korean Republic won
South Korea
South Korea

14. Australia

  • PM – Anthony Albanese
  • Capital – Canberra
  • GDP- $1.7 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $64,900
  • Military – 60,300
  • Defence Budget – $52.5 Billion
  • Population – 26.6 Million
  • Currency – Australian Dollar
australia gdp and more
Australia

15. Mexico

  • President – Andrés Manuel López Obrador
  • Capital – Mexico City
  • GDP- $1.42 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $11,000
  • Military – 4,11,900
  • Defence Budget – $11 Billion
  • Population – 130 Million
  • Currency – Mexican peso
Mexico G20
Mexico

16. Indonesia

  • President – Joko Widodo
  • Capital – Jakarta
  • GDP- $1.39 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $5,000
  • Military – 4,00,000
  • Defence Budget – $10.1 Billion
  • Population – 277 Million
  • Currency – Indonesian rupiah
Indonesia G20 India 2023
Indonesia

17. Saudi Arabia

  • Crown Prince – Mohammed bin Salman
  • Capital – Riyadh
  • GDP- $1.06 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $29,900
  • Military – 2,57,000
  • Defence Budget – $48.5 Billion
  • Population – 32 Million
  • Currency – Saudi riyal
saudi arabia GDP, GDP Per Capita, Defence, Population, Leaders
Saudi Arabia

18. Turkey

  • President – Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
  • Vice President – Cevdet Yılmaz
  • Capital – Ankara
  • GDP- $1 Trillion
  • GDP Per Capita – $11,900
  • Military – 4,25,000
  • Defence Budget – $25 Billion
  • Population – 85 Million
  • Currency – Turkish lira
Turkey g20
Turkey

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19. Argentina

  • President – Alberto Fernández
  • Vice President – Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
  • Capital – Buenos Aires
  • GDP – $641 Billion
  • GDP Per Capita – $13,700
  • Military – 1,08,000
  • Defence Budget – $2.9 Billion
  • Population – 46.6 Million
  • Currency – Argentine peso
Argentina G20 2023
Argentina

20. South Africa

  • President – Cyril Ramaphosa
  • Capital – Pretoria (executive), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)
  • GDP – $400 Billion
  • GDP Per Capita – $6,400
  • Military – 71,200
  • Defence Budget – $2.8 Billion
  • Population – 58 Million
  • Currency – South African rand
South africaan GDP, GDP Per Capita, Defence, Population, Leaders
Saudi Arabia

FAQs

List of all G20 countries?

United States of America, European Union, China, Japan, Germany, India, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Canada, Brazil, Russia, South Korea, Australia, Mexico, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Argentina, South Africa.

What is the theme of G20 2023?

The theme of G20 2023 is ‘One Earth, One Family, One Future.’

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Final Words

The G20 group is indeed quite large and important in itself. However, there is relatively little discussion about African countries within this group. Therefore, just like the European Union, the African Union should also be included in this Group of 20, so that all continents’ perspectives can be properly represented within this group.